CSIS: Latin America and the Caribbean in an Era of Strategic Competition (p. 4 - 11)

Latin America, like most other regions on earth, is finding itself becoming yet another arena of competition between the great powers, with the USA, China, and Russia all making inroads to expand or maintain influence. This report published by the Center for Strategic and International Studies delves into the history of American geopolitics in Latin America and links it to current events surrounding strategic competition with China and Russia. It also offers some strategic principles to guide continuing US engagement in the region. Today, we are covering pages 4 - 11 of this document. Find the full pdf here: https://csis-website-prod.s3.amazonaws.com/s3fs-public/publication/210617_Berg_Brands_Geopolitics.pdf?NnrmEW9w39lgVsGZHtjTBnnZV4VUvkPL

"With the advent of the Biden administration, it has become clear that the idea of focusing U.S. foreign policy on strategic competition enjoys widespread bipartisan support. U.S. statecraft is increasingly directed at the threats posed by powerful state rivals—especially China—as opposed to Salafi-Jihadist extremists and other non-state actors. Yet geopolitical rivalry is not simply something that happens “over there” in the Indo-Pacific, Europe, and the Middle East. It also happens “over here,” within the Western Hemisphere.

Just as geopolitical competition is more the norm than the exception for the United States, historically, America has faced recurring threats from major-power rivals operating in Latin America. This pattern is repeating itself today, as the countries—China, Russia, and to a lesser extent, Iran—with which the United States is competing in overseas regions are, in turn, competing with the United States in its shared neighborhood. These challenges have not yet risen to the level of the Cold War-era threat posed by the Soviet-Cuban alliance or even the Nazi presence in many Latin American countries prior to World War II. But they are gradually calling core U.S. strategic interests in Latin America into question.