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National Security Strategy of the United States of America (Dec. 2017)
In Center U.S. National Security
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In Center U.S. National Security
Roy Rashke
Winter 21 Cohort
Winter 21 Cohort
Nov 19, 2020
USAID is a fascinating organization. I think any development agency is the right way to go. If you invest in any country and build them up developmentally they stand a better chance at being successful in the long run because you are giving them both the skill sand tools to move further towards their goals. Citizens can make or break a country, at the end of the day a government is only as strong as its people, if the people want to be governed they will accept their leader if citizens do not like their government because of whatever their reason they will rise against it. Again with USAID, investment is the key, troubles in other countries are not going to be helped overnight it is with investment, commitment and ongoing support countries can rise to the best with the help of their own citizens using the skills and tools agencies like USAID provide. I think with strategic planning and policy improvement being a top priority at USAID is why they are so successful at international development. Each country does not fall into a mold, so each development plan needs t be tailored to each country’s specific needs and made to work with their respective strengths they already possess. Overall, I think USAID is effective and will continue to be effective in the future. The main reason for my thought that USAID is effective is that they strive to achieve effective and sustainable results in the field meaning their efforts can be everlasting not just while humanitarian missions forces are there.
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International Organizations
In Center for International Law
International Organizations
In Center for International Law
Roy Rashke
Winter 21 Cohort
Winter 21 Cohort
Nov 12, 2020
The world bank is very interesting to learn about. Personally, when I think of World Bank I think of loaning money but Conflict Zones and Fragile Nations are not what immediately come to mind. Analysis of the different countries conflicts and fragile states is the basis of what the world bank looks at when deciding whether or not to loan money to countries in need. By addressing the challenges of fragility, conflict, and violence, the World Bank Group’s twin goals of ending extreme poverty and boosting shared prosperity can be achieved. With the growth of the Global Health Pandemic of COVID-19 especially, I am not surprised to learn that low and now middle-income countries are being affected and are now in fragile spots. In regard to my specialty of Federal Law Enforcement, I can make a direct correlation between the technology that humanitarian efforts bring to 2nd and 3rd world countries are being exploited and are causing an increase in Child Sex Tourism, or virtual sex trafficking of economically deprived countries. I wonder that the more money the World Bank puts towards these struggling nations, would that lower the sex trafficking rates as more potential victims would be stable and not as extremely high risk of being exploited? The last point I would like to point out in this post is that in this document it states that “Climate change, demographic change, migration, technological transformations, illicit financial flows, and violent extremism are often interconnected, posing risks that transcend borders” and all of these factors lead to the increase of risk factors that are directly correlated to a rise of Sex trafficking for victims. I would like to pose to my colleagues, @Jay Rosato @Madeline Smith @Justin Spusta @Jasmine Wilkens, what initiatives do you think the World Bank could do or sponsor that could help lower these risk factors I mention in my post and thus in turn lower human trafficking?
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The People's Republic of China (PRC)
In Center for Asia Pacific Policy
Roy Rashke
Winter 21 Cohort
Winter 21 Cohort
Nov 05, 2020
It was very interesting learning about the NPC and China. The equivalent would be the United States Congress, both the Senate and the House of Representatives in the United States. Each State representative is elected from areas within the state and is elected for a term. The differences I have chosen to highlight are the following. In China, that term is 5 years however it depends on what level of Congress you belong to in the US. Senators hold positions for 6 years and House Representatives hold positions for 2 years. In China, there are 2,980 Deputies while in the United States there are 535 members. The NPC meets in session once a year while the US Senate meets twice a year. A session of the NPC may be convened at any time the Standing Committee deems it necessary or when more than one-fifth of the deputies to the NPC propose it and the same way in the United States, The congress can be called into session for special reasons. In China, only the NPC has the power to amend the Constitution, whereas in the US the Congress starts the process and the individual states finish it. Overall, Similarities and differences can be drawn between the United States and China for any process. The biggest difference I would point out is the US is the picture Child of the free world, so it is at the forefront of the world’s media. China’s elections are not publicized nearly to the same extent as the US’s are. It is for those reasons why I think the broad sense of the population in the world knows who the US president is and not other countries such as China.
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National Security Strategy of the United States of America (Dec. 2017)
In Center U.S. National Security
National Security Strategy of the United States of America (Dec. 2017)
In Center U.S. National Security
Roy Rashke
Winter 21 Cohort
Winter 21 Cohort
Nov 02, 2020
After reading today's document, I firmly believe that the House Armed Services Committee brought up several great points. I can understand why Russia presents the most immediate threat to the US. Any country that has a nuclear arsenal would be considered a threat to national security just due to the ability to cause so much devastation with a single group of weapons. Also, Russia’s on-going efforts to undermine Western Democratic Governments. We can see this in the recent years of hacking election systems and even current threats today. From this document I was surprised to see Russia's long-term economic forecast makes its global power likely to recede over the next 20 to 30 years. Of course, that surprise has some in part to do with my focus being in law enforcement not in economics. However, on the other hand, I was not surprised to see the section of the threats China poses to the US National Security. We have discussed significant the threats posed in previous forums by China, to save time I won’t go into detail but some of the threats can include violations and less- than- ideal laws on a myriad of sectors. Also, with China’s growing economy due to the lack of laws and control over its product quality, it does not surprise me that China represents the most significant economic and national security threat to the United States over the next 20 to 30 years. I completely agree that to remain competitive the US must prioritize developing emergent technologies over maintaining legacy systems and that the United States must strengthen and modernize geopolitical alliances with long-standing allies while establishing new alliances. Only then will the US adopt their culture and business practices to better support, and work quickly integrate innovation from the private sector. If the US is to succeed I concur we need to by playing to our strengths: free, fair, and open economy, strong education systems, and a culture for innovation that rests on the open market and free Democratic principles.
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Space Defense
In The Center for Space Policy
Roy Rashke
Winter 21 Cohort
Winter 21 Cohort
Oct 30, 2020
Reading today’s reading was super interesting. I completely agree with Acting deputy assistant secretary Johnson on the grounds that the United States’ Space strategy would build and foster a strong military advantage in space. This is not a new arena for the US, The air force has been sending people to space for many years this new strategy would just dedicate people to solely work on space projects thus making our space program more momentous. The United States could make great strides in the area of climate control or research regarding the ecosystems if we utilize the fourth pillar and work with allies, partners, industry and other US agencies. Tis like I stated yesterday could be along the same lines as the UAE’s plan to research weather satellites to help track arctic thaw. As the world changes, new strategies must be enacted to ensure compliance with national security expectations and also ecological demands. The third pillar of integration of space in the joint forces and allies and partners could do some major good in the United States as much of our daily lives revolve around technology and Space could be used to place more satellites in and create a network of devices to help the world as a whole to be better interconnected. With more interconnectivity, banking would be easier as systems would be connected, healthcare could extend to hard to reach areas via telemedicine and satellite uplinks as well as communication with distant partners either for personal or business reasons. In essence, Space could open up new avenues to improve not only the US’s defense but also improve citizen’s lives.
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Space Defense
In The Center for Space Policy
Roy Rashke
Winter 21 Cohort
Winter 21 Cohort
Oct 28, 2020
Reading today’s document hardened the fact that space is the next frontier that the world is going to explore. This document being in 2016 is interesting as I can related what China’s goals were and how far they have come. Obviously, with the US founding the Space Force and several other countries around the world expanding or developing their space capabilities is not surprising as the race for space has been something on most government minds or a long time now. This time instead of putting someone in space it will be who has the bigger space defense force. The purposes outlined in this document are justified and are very similar along the lines of the US. China and the US have several of the same capabilities which might be alarming to our defense realm based on how our tensions with China are growing, The US tends to want to stay one step ahead of everyone in terms of defense and China is almost at the same level if not more then where the US is at. Deep Space exploration has been going on for several years in the US with the Hubble Telescope and the numerous satellites we have in Earth’s orbit. The International Space Station also serves a great step in studying and understanding space. As for China’s tasks for the next 5 years, It is interesting as space transport systems, space infrastructure and deep space explorations are not just priorities for China but every country that seeks to be a Space power. This document really served as a clear and concise way to describe all of China’s wishes, opportunities and plans for their Space program.
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The People's Republic of China (PRC)
In Center for Asia Pacific Policy
Roy Rashke
Winter 21 Cohort
Winter 21 Cohort
Oct 22, 2020
The reading today discussed applicable situations to cover the problems and dilemmas that we have talked about over the past few days. Like it was stated previously, China has little to no intellectual property protections in place which does not surprise me when learning the actual annual cost to US economy. I knew the United States had a large population of international students however, I was surprised to find the number was 1.4 million. I would have thought it would have been higher because it is not uncommon to go to an international university and we have such a high immigrant population over the United States. I want to reiterate that China, according the FBI, has historically sponsored economic espionage, and is the world's principle infringer of intellectual property. Naturally, the Chinese Government would use students in Postgraduate and Postdoctoral positions in the areas of study of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics to operate as non-traditional collectors of intellectual property. They go to school in the US and then take back their education and skills to their home country instead of investing in the US economy. This can also be put into context of the Military. In the military, the Ranger Regiment, is highly selective and hard to get into. All applicants might go through training and get the skills however not everyone gets the official title of a Ranger. Unit Commanders tend to want those that go through the training, and do not get the official title, to come back in training officer roles so the rest of their unit can be trained the higher skill level without paying for each person to go through the training themselves. Is this a form of Intellectual property (Training) theft as well? Technically you are using a skill set or material specific to one group and using it without paying for it.
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Intelligence Community
In Center U.S. National Security
Roy Rashke
Winter 21 Cohort
Winter 21 Cohort
Oct 21, 2020
Reading about the National reconnaissance office today was interesting. Starting at the conceptualization and need for the office during the threat of the Soviet Union to today’s need for intelligence for military operations is fascinating to research. In short, the NRO collects data, analyzes, and then passes that data along to partners that request it. It was interesting to learn that until 1992, the existence of the NRO was classified and even its name was not officially acknowledged by the government in comparison to today, where the existence of the NRO is openly acknowledged and several aspects of its activities have been declassified. The NRO develops, acquires, and operates the most sensitive space reconnaissance satellite systems that collect imagery intelligence (IMINT), signals intelligence (SIGINT), and measurement and signature intelligence (MASINT) which is of great value to the government and is now available to a wide variety of users in many government agencies. I think that the progression of new and emerging technologies will constantly put a strain on NRO personnel due to the ever-evolving world of technology. It seems that in a matter of a year technology is already out of date and a newer version is available. It is for that reason I completely agree that with the newly created Space Force the NRO has an important mission to stay on top of the “leap ahead” and “revolutionary” technologies, especially in the space reconnaissance effort so operations have the most current data to help things go smoother in missions. That leads me to my last thought. The transference of some NRO activities and operations to the Department of Defense makes sense to me. The NRO can focus on developing unique space-based collection systems to solve difficult intelligence problems while DoD can be responsible for developing and operating those space systems because they know how t use technology so that military commander needs are better satisfied. It would also make sense to transfer the experts in those systems and satellites under the DoD umbrella because NRO satellites are substantially more complex than DoD satellites.
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Russia: Global Interest
In Center for Europe Policy
Roy Rashke
Winter 21 Cohort
Winter 21 Cohort
Oct 20, 2020
Today’s reading very interesting. I personally enjoy reading court documents or committee finding reports. The report today expressed some concerns that were addressed in another forum yesterday, CyberSpace. This point is brought up by Dr. Halderman, who expressed that “Our highly computerized election infrastructure is vulnerable to sabotage and even to cyber-attacks that could change votes”, he continued on to say “voting machines are not as distant from the Internet as they may seem”. This is the point that I made yesterday, anything is at the mercy of being hacked or used maliciously it is just the amount of safety that attackers have to supersede before they can cause harm. Simple passwords and lack of safety measures could call results into question, a suggestion could be that more security measures could be used such as retinal or fingerprint codes could be used so a small group of 1-2 people have access to a supervisor mode instead of just by a code. Like @Griffen Ballenger stated, Russia’s interference in the 2016 election may not have manipulated vote tallies, but it gave Russian operators "familiarity with our election systems and voter registration infrastructure— valuable intelligence that it may seek to exploit in the future." This example could of future use be tied to the security of the voting machine section which explains that hackers could use previously documented weaknesses to gain even more access in future machines. I believe that to try and mitigate some problems and weaknesses in the voting machine arena, operating systems should be kept up-to-date, and more security measures should be in place such as the elimination of USB ports on devices or a different code each time someone logs on to vote.
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Foreign Economic Espionage in Cyberspace
In Center U.S. National Security
Roy Rashke
Winter 21 Cohort
Winter 21 Cohort
Oct 19, 2020
Diving into today’s reading it is clear that cyberspace is one area that should be protected because so much of our daily life revolves around technology. The Cyber realm is so vast and complex and ever-evolving that no matter where someone looks you can see the effects of cyberspace anywhere. You can see the effects of cyberspace extend from a military aspect to health care to mental health to even personal aspects of our daily life such as turning our heat on at home, talking to people at our front door, starting our car, or turning on lights. That being said, anything that is connected to the cyber realm is at risk of being hacked so security is of paramount concern. One issue I have been following is the healthcare concern for internal pacemakers. Pacemakers are not being able to be monitored via the internet by your doctor, what is to stop someone from hacking into the software and potentially hurting someone severely. This is just one of the many concerns or issues revolving around cyberspace, artificial intelligence, and other technologies of today’s world. The three main adversaries I expected to be mentioned in this document were mentioned. China is a hot topic currently in the cyber arena because of the current issue with China stealing user’s data from applications on their phones. Russia is also a known cyber player as well from the accusation of interference in U.S. elections. Lastly, Iran being a major player with oil, It would make sense that the threat of information regarding other ventures outside of the oil industry being targeted. Overall, this is a very fascinating topic to look into.
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Roy Rashke

Roy Rashke

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Winter 21 Cohort
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