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Latin America and the Caribbean in the Era of Great Power Competition
In Latin America
Joshua Naraine
Summer 21 Cohort
Jul 30, 2021
For this week at the IAA we covered articles concerning Latin America. The first one was on “Latin America and the Caribbean: U.S. Policy Overview”. This report I feel is a good introduction to the subject matter as it is necessary to understand the policies between the Latin American countries and the United States. A few things that really stood out to me is that the policy does state that the United States is a support beam for democratic governance and the rule of law as well as promoting human rights. I have written some papers for my school on democracy and human rights and delved into Latin America and South America and how its leaders will abuse their power to stay in power if they have to. My team and I wrote a paper on the human rights violations conducted in the region of Brazil with the Maduro regime and it was astounding to see that the United States could not step it. At the time we as students. Could only write recommendations on what the government could do. CSIS: Latin America and the Caribbean in an Era of Strategic Competition. I am glad to have read this first part as I have learned more about what the United States will want to achieve in their efforts with Latin America. I have always came up with conclusions on my own but to see them written out officially is a much better. With the United States being in such close proximity to Latin America I feel that their efforts with these countries will be felt immediately. I think that focusing on the authoritarian aspect of the Latin American countries is crucial because many of them are taking to China and its views on how the government should run the people. Having President Biden in office now should help ease this problem that the Latin American countries are having. We need to focus on Latin America at the moment and help them with their COVID situation and then focus on the governments Capping off my readings for the week with the IAA was China's Policy Paper on Latin America and the Caribbean. This was a new read for me as I really do not have any experience or knowledge on China and its dealings with the world despite being one of the most populous countries. After reading up on this document I have to say that I am quite impressed and happy to see that China is ready to use their resources to help the Latin American countries that are struggling in terms of their business and economy. These countries are rich resources that are just waiting to be found. In terms of counterterrorism, I know that the Latin American countries are struggling with this as these terrorist organizations are making it hell for the government and its people. In reality, the groups here are just regular people armed to the teeth looking to impose their own ideas on the government and the people because they are upset with how the government is currently treating them. These actions might drive away potential business partners in other countries that could benefit these states.
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Security and Governance in the Arctic
In The Arctic
Joshua Naraine
Summer 21 Cohort
Jul 23, 2021
To cap off this week, we are looking at the country of Finland and its strategy in the Arctic. I would like to say that this kind of article is one that I would want to see more of. Seeing how the other countries involved like Russia. Reading further into the document, I feel that Finland will take over as the leader and play a moderator role between nations something akin to Switzerland. The main goal of Finland in this is to address climate change and help keep the Arctic and Antarctic at its prime. The impacts of climate change and other human-induced changes affecting the environment and habitats on nature and weather conditions are already visible. While the United States has its own assets in the Arctic such as newly found minerals and oil deposits and further digging sites that will be watched by the DHS, Finland is looking to make sure that any efforts by any other countries affect the already unstable climate that is over the Arctic. They have a goal to protect the environment and the fauna that call the Arctic home which is something that I am very happy to see as these organisms don’t have a voice to tell us that their home is being lost. If the fight on climate change does not tilt in our favor, it could mean that trouble not for just us but the life that resides in this region. We may then be able to mine for the minerals and oil but we may be infringing on wildlife’s homeland and consequently having wildlife move into places where they don’t belong. I am curious to see how Finland playing moderator as well as the EU handles this situation
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Security and Governance in the Arctic
In The Arctic
Federal Law Enforcement
In The US and North America
Joshua Naraine
Summer 21 Cohort
Jul 13, 2021
Something that I have learned from my classes at FIU this semester is the difference between Domestic terrorism and HVE’s or Homegrown Violent Extremists. There was a misconception that they were one in the same, but they are not. Homegrown Violent Extremists are civilians born or belonging to one country but pledging their allegiance to an outside party that has extremist beliefs. Domestic Terrorism is defined as groups within a country that use extremist views to change their country to their belief systems. Because America is so diversified now, its causing tension amongst these white supremacist groups looking to have their ideologies projected onto American society. The purpose of this strategy is to address the factors that lead to violence and the result of the violence that violates human rights such as public safety and expressions of opinion and ideas. To summarize the aspects of domestic terrorism threats 1. from racially or ethnically motivated violent extremists and networks whose racial, ethnic, or religious hatred leads them toward violence, as well as those whom they encourage to take violent action. 2. Violence is focused targeted towards people of color, specifically the African American community as well as immigrants, Jews, Muslims, and LGBTQ members. 3. Anti-government or anti authority violent extremist groups, self-proclaimed militias During my research on counterterrorism, one thing that I have come across is the notion of how we understand the groups. Yes it is important to identify them, the big players and what their goals are. But it is even more crucial to understand as to why they’re doing what they’re doing. Why are United States civilians somehow finding this avenue as the only way for their voice to be heard by the government. Why are they endangering not just themselves, but their families and loved ones as well as the public when they’re just trying to get their own agendas heard by the government.
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Joshua Naraine
Summer 21 Cohort
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